Know about the History of Poland

Poland is a Sovereign Country in Central Europe. There are 16 administrative subdivisions in this unitary state converging 312, 679 sq km with a high temperate climate.  Warsaw is the capital and the largest city in Poland. Poland has had a rich and long history. The country has defended its sovereignty and freedom over the past thousands of years from every foreign aggression on different occasions.  It is the right time to look at History of Poland in detail.

Know about the History of Poland

History of Poland dates back to prehistory times. Slavic tribes arrived and settled down on this territory.  There were three Slav brothers Lech, Czech and Rus wandering with their strong tribes through large forests stretching between two large rivers namely Dnieper in the east and Oder in the west. They looked at a huge oak tree on a hill with a nest between its attractive branches. They focused on a mighty white eagle soared into the sky from the nest.  Lez was happy with this view and considered it as a sign from the Lord for him and his tribes to settle there. They built a town Gniezno soon and made it the capital of their nation.

The Empire of Poland was formed in the year of 1025. This kingdom is cemented a good political union with the Grand Duchy.

The sixteenth century was the golden age of Poland. The Renaissance currents on the whole, were brought about the flourishing of the country. The overall advancements in the arts and science and cultural issues took place in this century. Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) was the Polish astronomer and formulated the modern heliocentric theory of the solar system at first.

The Polish National League was founded in Warsaw in 1893. The most of the fights in the First World War took place on the eastern front fought on future Poland territory namely Galicia in 1914. Poland was proclaimed as an independent country in 1918.

Poland’s history in brief  

966 – Christianisation

1025 – Kingdom of Poland

1569 – Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

1795 – Partition of Poland

1807 – Duchy of Warsaw

1815 – Congress Poland

1918 – Reconstitution of Poland

1939 – Invasion of Poland, World War II

1945 – Communist Poland

1989 – Republic of Poland

there were more than a few positive changes in the administration in Poland. These changes make this Sovereign Country rich and popular worldwide.

 


 

Destination Poland

Poland is located in Eastern Europeon the Baltic Sea. It has a rich medieval architecture, Renaissance footprints as the backdrop of a modern and liberal lifestyle. A Europe tour cannot be complete if you do not meet the Polish and see their land.

Following Are Some Tips That Can Be Of Use If You Have An Upcoming Poland Trip:

  • Best time to visit: People go to Poland for vacation almost all throughout the year. It may be during the summer to spend the Easter vacation or during winter to spend the Christmas holidays. It however depends on what kind of attractions you are planning to enjoy the most in Poland. For example, if you want to enjoy a skiing week on the snow covered mountains, it is better that you go during November to December. This is however an off season for average tourists except during Christmas and New Year holidays. May to September is the usual tourist season to visit this land. The blue sunny sky will greet you. You may expect some rains also. You should take note that some museums are closed during the months of April when there is a soaring temperature.

Destination Poland

  • If you are passionate about history, then you should visit the following places if you are in Poland:
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial & Museum: This museum talks about blood, torture and extermination. It was the Nazi’s largest concentration camp. Reportedly some 1.1 million people lost their lives at this very spot. Prepare your mind before you visit this museum that represent the horror of Holoclaust times. These grounds are located in Oświęcim.
  • Jewish Historical Institute: this is located in Warsaw. Experience the richness of culture and heritage the Jews exhibited before the Nazi’s forced them into extermination. You will be enthralled with the beautiful paintings, sculptures and other objects as collected from the houses of the rich and elite Jewish families. The black and white photos of Jewish homes and families who were being tortured and starved to death can be found on the walls. You will be face to face with real history and tales of Polish cities that endured such great pain. Poland has disturbing history that cannot be ignored.

Looking Out For Church That Has A Large Amount Of Historical Significance?

  1. The cathedral at Gniezno: the church has twin towers that mark the city sky. You can study the remarkable Gothic structure. In 1331, the Roman cathedral was once reduced to ruins by the Teutonic Knights. It was rebuilt. It was again ravaged in World War II. After that, it was renovated from various aspects.
  2. Poland has an exquisite natural view and outdoor activities to offer to her tourists.

Following Are Some Names That Has Topped This List:

  1. The Polish Alps: You can begin from Tatras. This is the best place to ski during winter.
  2. Bieszczady: Thick woods and stretching meadows mark this remarkable spot.
  3. Great Masurian Lake should not be missed.